lincoln portrait Young Lincoln portrait

by Claude N. Frechette, M.D.


Copyright 1998 / C.N. Frechette, M.D.

  1. Romer, G.B., Conservator, International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House, letter to A. Kaplan, October 1, 1977.
  2. Romer, G.B., Conservator, International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House, letter to A. Kaplan, December 1980.
  3. Guidry, G.R., Pictorial Curator of the Missouri Historical Society, letter to A. Kaplan, September 21, 1977.
  4. Mewes, M., Reference Librarian, St. Louis Mercantile Library Association, letter to A. Kaplan, October 5, 1977.
  5. Meserve, F.H., The Photographs of Abraham Lincoln, 1st ed., Harcourt, Brace & Co., New York, 1944.
  6. Clark, L.P., "Unconscious Motives Underlying the Personalities of Great Statesmen and their Relationship to Epoch-Making Events, A Psychologic Study of Abraham Lincoln", Psychoan. R., 1921, VIII:1.
  7. Stewart, T.D., "An Anthropologist Looks at Lincoln", Smithsonian Report, 1952, pp419-437.
  8. Hertz, E., The Hidden Lincoln from Letters and Papers of William H. Herndon, Viking, New York, 1938.
  9. Shutes, M.H., Lincoln and the Doctors; a Medical Narrative of the Life of Abraham Lincoln, The Pioneer Press, New York, 1933.
  10. Trueblood, D.E., Abraham Lincoln, Theologian of American Anguish, Walker & Co., New York, 1986.
  11. Volk, L.W., "The Lincoln Mask and How It Was Made", Century Magazine, New York, 1882, 23 (6).
  12. Mellon, J., The Face of Lincoln, The Viking Press, New York, 1979.
  13. Seghers, M.J.; Longacre, J.J.; deStefano, G.A., "The Golden Proportions and Beauty", Plast. & Reconst. Surg., 1964, 34, pp 382-386.
  14. Rickets, R.M., "Divine Proportions in Facial Esthetics", Clin. Plast. Surg., 1982, 9, pp 401-422.
  15. Dickason, W.L.; Hanna, D.C., "Pitfalls of Comparative Photography In Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery", Plast. & Reconstr. Surg., 1976, 58, pp 166-175.
  16. Farkas, L.G.; Bryson, W.; Klotz, J., "Is Photoglanxnetry of the Face Reliable?", Plast. & Reconstr. Surg., 1980, 66, pp 346-355.
  17. Farkas, L.G.; Hrezzka, T.A.; Kolar, J.C. et al, "Vertical and Horizontal Proportions of the Face in Young Adult North American Caucasians: Revision of Neoclassical Canons", Plast. & Reconstr. Surg., 1985, 75, pp 328-337.
  18. Farkas, L.G.; Sohm, P.; Kolar, J.C. et al, "Inclinations of the Facial Profile: Art versus Reality", Plast. & Reconstr. Surg., 1985, 75, pp 509-519.
  19. Birth Defects Encyclopedia, M.L. Buyse, Ed., Cambridge, Mass. 1990.
  20. Holt, E.E., "Abraham Lincoln", Ophtal. Rec., 1914, 23, pp 389-393.
  21. Mitchell, S., "Diagnosis of Heterophoria from a Portrait", Ophtal. Rec., 1914, 23, pp 224-226.
  22. Kempf, E.J., "Abraham Lincoln's Organic and Emotional Neurosis", AMA Arch. Neur. Psy., 1952, 67, pp 419-433.
  23. Kempf, E.J., "Abraham Lincoln's Philosophy of Common Sense", New York Academy of Sciences, 1965, Volume I, Chapter I, pp. 1-18.
  24. Parmeggiani, A.; Psar, A.; Leonardi, M. et al, "Neurological Impairment in Congenital Bilateral Ptosis with Ophthalmoplegia, Brain, & Development", 1992, 14, pp 107-109.
  25. Aberfeld, D.C., "Hereditary Ptosis, Birth Defects: Original Article Series", 1971, VII, 2, pp 63-65.
  26. Zide, B.M.: McCarthy, J.G., "The Medial Canthus Revisited: An Anatomical Basis for Canthopexy", Ann. Plast. Surg., 1983, 11 (1) pp 1-9.
  27. Colle, D., Collars Stocks and Cravats, Rodale Press, Inc., Emmaus, PA. 1972.
  28. Colle, D., Letter to A. Kaplan, October 10, 1977.
  29. Rinhart, M. and Rinhart, F., letter to Kaplan, October 1, 1977.
  30. Snyder, C., Our Ophthalmic Heritage, Little & Brown, Boston, 1967, pp 83-87.
  31. Smith, B.; Regan, W.F.J., "Blow-out Fracture of the Orbit: Mechanism and Correction of Internal Orbital Fracture", Am. J. of Ophthal., 1957, 44, pp 733-739.
  32. Fujino, T.; Makino, K., "Entrapment Mechanism and Ocular Injury in Orbital Blowout Fracture", J. Plast. & Reconstr. Srg., 1980, 65 (5), pp 571-576.
  33. Kurzer, A.; Patel, M.P., "Superior Orbital Fissure Syndrome Associated with Fractures of the Zygoma and Orbit", Plastic & Reconstr. Surg., 1979, 64, pp 715-719.
  34. Bertillon, A., La Photographie Judiciaire, Gauthier Villars & Fils, Paris, 1890.
  35. Bertillon, A., Identification Anthropometrique et Instructions Signaletique, Imprimerie Administrative, Melun, 1893.
  36. Reiss, R.A., Manuel du Portrait Parle a l'Usage de la Police, Th. Sack, Laussanne, 1905.
  37. Guyot, M., Commissaire, Identite Judiciaire, Paris, personal communication, 1988.
  38. Wood, H., The Faces of Abraham Lincoln, University Art Collections, Arizona State University at Tempe, 1970.

Claude N. Frechette, M.D., is a native of Lewiston, Maine. He received his education and medical training in plastic and reconstructive surgery in Paris, France, and the University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. He served, for ten years, as a Consulting Plastic Surgeon at the American Hospital in Paris, Neuilly, France, and for a number of French public hospitals in and around Paris.

Albert Kaplan, a native of Gouverneur, New York, is a retired stockbroker. His early photography collection ( includes a recently discovered daguerreotype of Lincoln’s law partner, William Henry Herndon.